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粉垄栽培甘蔗试验增产效果


作者:|发表于:2012-01-31

Yield Increase of Smash-Ridging Cultivation of Sugarcane

【作者】 韦本辉; 甘秀芹; 申章佑; 宁秀呈; 陆柳英; 韦广泼; 李艳英; 胡泊; 刘斌; 吴延勇;

【机构】 广西农业科学院经济作物研究所; 广西农业科学院; 广西农业科学院农业资源与环境研究所;

【摘要】 【目的】评价粉垄栽培技术相比于传统栽培方法种植甘蔗的优势所在。【方法】选用新台糖22号和柳城03-1137两个品种,在不同地区进行粉垄栽培和传统栽培比较试验,在甘蔗工艺成熟期进行根系、绿叶、蔗茎性状、产量、品质及冬笋芽数等调查测定。【结果】粉垄栽培与传统栽培相比,根系鲜重增加了115.05%—146.48%;完全展开绿叶数(功能叶片)增加14.65%—19.35%;蔗茎产量增加21.91%—27.35%;甘蔗蔗糖含量、蔗汁蔗糖含量分别增加3.81%—5.17%、3.63%—5.75%,蔗汁还原糖分降低5.50%—9.76%;宿根冬笋芽数增加47.64%—197.70%。【结论】粉垄栽培的甘蔗,根系特别发达,功能叶片数增加,产量提高,品质改善,冬笋芽数增加。粉垄栽培方法是一项较好的栽培新方法。
【Abstract】 【Objective】 The objective of the experiment is to compare the effect of smash-ridging cultivation of sugarcane on yield increase with traditional cultivation method and to provide a basis for the smash-ridging cultivation of sugarcane.【Method】 Sugarcane varieties ROC22 and Liucheng 03-1137 were planted in different places by smash-ridging and traditional cultivation methods,and the roots,green leaf,cane stem characters,yield,quality,bamboo shoots buds number and so on were measured.【Result】 Compared to traditional cultivation,sugarcane cultivated with smash-ridging method,the fresh weight of roots increased by 115.05%-146.48%,the number of complete expanded green leaf(functional leaves) increased by 14.65%-19.35%,the cane stem products increased by 21.91%-27.35%,the cane sucrose contents and juice sucrose contents increased by 3.81%-5.17% and 3.63%-5.75%,respectively.juice reducing sugar contents reduced by 5.50%-9.76% the bamboo shoots buds number increased by 47.64%-197.70%.【Result】 Planting sugarcane by smash-ridging promoted the development of roots,increased the functional leaves,improved yield,and quality,and increased the bamboo shoots buds number.

【关键词】 粉垄栽培; 产量; 品质; “根”本理论; 水肥均衡供给; 甘蔗;
【Key words】 smash-ridging; yield; quality; take roots as the basic theory; balanced supply of water and fertilizer; sugarcane;
 
《中国农业科学》2011年第21期(4544-4550)

 
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